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Second International Conference on Nutrition (ICN2)
Rome, Italy, FAO Headquarters
19-21 November 2014
Malnutrition is one of the world's most serious but least addressed health problems and a significant contributor to child mortality. Nearly one-third of children in developing countries are either underweight or stunted, and more than 30% of people living in developing countries suffer from micronutrient deficiencies.
Malnutrition undermines economic growth and perpetuates poverty, and its human costs are enormous. Yet the world has failed to tackle malnutrition over the past decades, even though well-tested approaches for doing so exist. The consequences of this failure to act are now evident in the inadequate progress toward the Millennium Development Goal's target 1c to halve the proportion of people who suffer from hunger by 2015: more than one in eight of the world's population still suffers from hunger after progress towards meeting the MDG slowed in 2007 and levelled off. Unless policies and priorities are changed, the scale of the problem will prevent many countries from laying the foundation for sustainable development that is central to the post-2015 development agenda -especially in Sub-Saharan Africa, where malnutrition is increasing, and in South-East Asia, where malnutrition remains widespread and improving only slowly.
The Second International Conference on Nutrition (ICN2), an inclusive inter-governmental meeting on nutrition jointly organized by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO), in cooperation with the UNSCN, the High Level Task Force on the Global Food Security Crisis (HLTF), IFAD, IFPRI, UNESCO, UNICEF, World Bank, WFP and the WTO, will be held at FAO Headquarters, in Rome, 19-21 November 2014. It is a high-level ministerial conference which will propose a flexible policy framework to address today's major nutrition challenges and identify priorities for enhanced international cooperation on nutrition.
- review progress made since the 1992 ICN including country level achievements in scaling up nutrition through direct nutrition interventions and nutrition-enhancing policies and programmes;
- review relevant policies and institutions on agriculture, fisheries, health, trade, consumption and social protection to improve nutrition;
- strengthen institutional policy coherence and coordination to improve nutrition, and mobilize resources needed to improve nutrition;
- strengthen international, including inter-governmental cooperation, to enhance nutrition everywhere, especially in developing countries.
- global in perspective, but focus particularly on nutrition challenges in developing countries;
- addressed all forms of malnutrition, recognizing the nutrition transition and its consequences;
- sought to improve nutrition throughout the lifecycle, focusing on the poorest and most vulnerable households, and on women, infants and young children in deprived, vulnerable and emergency contexts.
ICN2 builds on ongoing global political processes and initiatives to contribute to the Post-2015 UN Development Agenda including identifying priority areas, nutrition development goals as well as the policies that are required to achieve, measure and account for them. The outcome of the ICN2 has contributed to the UN Secretary General's call for a high degree of policy coherence at global, regional, national and sub-national levels and a global partnership for development at all levels. The ICN2 has also amplified the Secretary General's call to leaders gathered at the Rio+20 Summit to take up the "Zero Hunger Challenge".
ICN2 Side Events